Artist Statement of Pamela Soldwedel
"Listen, there is a turning, all things are turned to a roundness,
wherever there is an end from it springs a beginning."
Hotel Universe, Philip Barry
Endings and beginnings, cycles of grief and joy – human instincts and emotions too basic or complex to articulate in a figurative manner – appear to me as abstract shapes. Smooth, swirling, undulating forms, most with harsh-faced or carefully textured accents can suggest more meaning and contain more enigma than the specifically representational. Through the use of organic shapes in stone, metal and mixed media recalling humans or animals without specifically simulating either, I seek to incorporate the passion, mystery and ambiguity that is central to human experience.
My first love was stone, all stones. Then I became fascinated as well by metal casting processes, followed by involvement with mixed media. I use a combination of every durable matter available, such as marble/aluminum; wood/stone/bronze/plastics, sometimes accentuated with weeping bronze tears, or rhinestones, to aid me in interpreting my stories and making my statements. Above all, I enjoy the challenge of using seemingly immutable materials to stir a viewer’s mind; and the fact that these extremely hard substances provide reassuring permanence.
In many of my sculptures, I have sought overall continuity of line. However, others display breaks, representing disrupted life cycles. Sections have been split or sliced open symbolizing trauma the pain of separation from a loved one; an emotional crisis; an illness or physical disability wrenching enough to cause breakdown of spirit or body. Nevertheless, these potentially distressing sculptures often are filled with messages of hope. Close examination reveals that the separations are made in such a way that they may be rejoined. Life continues, although scarred, and the strengthened spirit resumes its cyclical journey.
Pam creating "Nuance"
Pamela Soldwedel, a native New Yorker, studied sculpture and drama as an undergraduate at Bennington College. A varied career followed, which included experience as a fabric designer, fashion show producer, radio disc jockey, radio and television commentator and producer, magazine publisher, and promotion consultant for a major fragrance house. Only after moving to Washington, D.C. in the mid 1970's did Soldwedel resume her sculpture, attending the Corcoran College of Art and Design, where she studied under Berthold Schmutzhart and received The Martha von Hirsh Award and The Mary Lay Thom Sculpture Award for most outstanding work.
The dramatic element begun at Bennington is an integral part of Soldwedel’s persona and is reflected in her sculptures. Using flowing lines of stone and metal to translate the depth of human emotions of joy, grief, loss and rebirth, Soldwedel seeks to incorporate the passion, mystery and ambiguity that is central to the human experience in her abstract sculptures. To heighten the sense of drama, she often employs combinations of aluminum and marble;
wood/stone/bronze/plastics; and lately has begun adding sparkle to some of her works by the use of rhinestones, secured forever with 2-ton epoxy.
Soldwedel’s sculptures have appeared in solo and group exhibitions throughout the Washington, DC area and the United States. She has received numerous art awards, including the R.C.G. Merit Award of Excellence in 1993 and the Artists Equity Association's "Best In Show" Merry Slocum Bean Award in 1995. Soldwedel was awarded a generous grant from the E.D. Foundation of New York in 2005 and earned a prize for her entry in the Art League of Washington’s 2007 sculpture show at Washington Square. Her sculptures are held in private collections worldwide, many through special commission, and her work has been acquired by national and international corporations and institutions.
Ms. Soldwedel holds memberships in numerous art organizations, including The Art League of Washington, the Metropolitan Center for the Visual Arts, the Washington Sculptors Group, The Washington Project for the Arts, the Arlington Arts Center, New York Artists Equity Association, National Association of Women Artists, and the National Sculpture Society (associate member).
Exhibitions of Pamela Soldwedel...
SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS
|2012 Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Centre at 1600 Tysons, McLean, VA
2012 The Arts Club of Washington, Washington, DC
2011 Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Centre at 1600 Tysons, McLean, VA
2010 Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Centre at 1600 Tysons, McLean, VA
2010 Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Centre at 1800 Tysons, McLean, VA
2009 Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Centre at 1600 Tysons, McLean, VA
2009 The Watergate Gallery, The Watergate Mall, 2552 Virginia Avenue, NW, Washington, DC
2008 Sculpture Atrium in The Corporate Office Centre at 1600 Tysons II, McLean, VA.
2008 Law offices of Covington & Burling, LLP, 1201 Pennsylvania Avene, NW, Washington, DC.
2008 Sculpture Atrium in The Corporate Office Center at 1800 Tysons II, McLean, VA
2007 Atrium Lobbies in The Corporate Office Centre at 1650 and 1750 Tysons II, McLean, VA
2007 Sculpture Atrium in The Corporate Office Centre at 1600 Tysons II, McLean, VA
2006 Sculpture Court at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II,
2006 Corporate Center at Tysons II, McLean VA
2005 Sculpture Court at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II,
2005 The Parker Gallery, 629 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC
2005 International Gateway, 8100 Boone Boulevard, Vienna, VA
2003 Sculpture Court at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II,
2003 The Atrium, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC
2002 Sculpture Court at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II,
(March and again in September)
2001-2 The Atrium, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC
2000-1 Sculpture Court at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II, McLean, VA
2000 The Albany Museum of Art, Albany, GA
1998 Sculpture Court at the Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II,
1997 White Flint Ltd., Bethesda, MD
1994-6 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD
1994-5 American Center for Physics, College Park, MD
1994 Gilpin Gallery, Alexandria, VA
1992-4 National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC
1993 U.S. Embassy, Brussels, Belgium
1988 Newport Art Museum, Newport, RI
1987 Andreas Gallery, Washington, DC
1987 Mount Vernon College, Washington, DC
1986 Covington & Burling, Washington, DC
1982 First American Bank, Washington, DC
SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS
|NAWA (National Association of Women Artists) 123rd Member Exhibition, New York, NY (2012)
Corcoran College of Art + Design/Corcoran Gallery of Art Alumni Exhibition, Washington, DC (2012)
Still Point Art Gallery, on-line gallery, New Brunswick, ME, www.stillpointartgallery.com (2012)
Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Centre at 1650/1750 Tysons II, McLean VA (2012)
Watergate Art Gallery, 25th Anniversary Show, The Watergate Mall, Washington, DC (2011)
Watergate Gallery/Summer Sculpture Show, The Watergate Mall, Washington, DC (2011)
Sculpture Atrium in the Corporate Office Center at 1650/1750 Tysons, McLean, VA (2011)
Still Point Art Gallery, on-line gallery, New Brunswick, ME (www.stillpointartgallery.com) (2011)
National Sculpture Society, Recent Works, an on-line exhibition of selected members; view at www.nationalsculpture.org (2010)
Watergate Gallery/Foggy Bottom Outdoor Sculpture, The Watergate Mall, 2552 Virginia Avenue, NW, Washington, DC (2010)
Sculpture Atrium at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II, McLean, VA (2009)
Washington Sculptors Group, Washington, DC (2009)
Washington Square Invitational, Washington, DC (2008)
Washington Project for the Arts/Washington Sculptors Group, Washington, DC (2008)
Washington Sculptors Group, Washington, DC (2008)
The Art League, Alexandria, VA (2007)
Washington Sculptors Group, Washington, DC (2007)
Washington Sculptors Group, Washington, DC (2006)
VisArts, Rockville, MD (2006)
Washington Square Invitational Exhibition, Washington, DC (2005)
Sculpture Court at The Corporate Office Centre at Tysons II, McLean, VA (2004)
Washington Sculptors Group, Washington, DC (2003)
The Parker Gallery at Mickelson's, Washington, DC (2002-2003)
National Museum for Women in the Arts, Washington, DC (2000-2001)
Washington Sculptors Group, 505 Gallery, Washington, DC (1999)
WSH Square Limited Partnership, Washington, DC (1997-1998)
The law offices of Tucker, Flyer and Lewis, P.C., Washington, DC
The John A. Wilson Center Washington DC and the Japan Information & Culture Center, Washington, DC.(1996)
The Embassy of France, Washington DC
The Corcoran Hemicycle Gallery, Washington, DC
The John A. Center, Washington, DC (1995)
The WSG Washington Square Park Exhibitions (1997, 1995, 1993)
The Franklin Square Exhibition Space and the Washington, DC Artists Equity/Awards Exhibition Show, Annandale, VA (1993)
The Fairfax, VA Council of the Arts
The Montgomery County, MD Arts Council Exhibition Carspecken-Scott Gallery, Wilmington, DE (1992)
The National Academy of Sciences (1993-1992)
The Govinda Gallery and the Gilpin Gallery (1992)
The Touchstone Gallery, Washington, DC (1990)
The Old State House in Hartford, CT (1987)
The DC Slide Registry of artists
The Artists Equity/Washington Sculptors Show (1985)
The d'Amecourt Art Gallery
First American Bank, N.A., Washington, DC
The Main Street Gallery, Nantucket, Massachusetts (1982)
The Meridian House International, Washington, DC
The Parrish Art Museum of Southhampton, NY (1981)
The Arts Club of Washington, DC (1980,1994,1996)
The Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC (1979)
The Art Barn of Washington, DC (1978, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1993).
SELECTED PUBLIC AND CORPORATE COLLECTIONS
|Tudor Place, Washington, DC
Albany Museum of Art, Albany, GA
DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Lincoln, MA
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD
North Carolina Granite Company, Mount Airy, NC
Robert H. Kellen Company, Atlanta, GA
U.S. Consulate, Hong Kong
J.P. Morgan Chase, New York, NY
Collection of Carl Djerassi, San Francisco, CA
American Center for Physics, College Park, MD
U.S. Embassy, Brussels, Belgium
|2007 Prize, Art League of Washington, Washington Square sculpture show
2005 Grant from the E.D. Foundation, NY
1995 Merry Slocum Bean Award, Artists Equity, Washington, DC
1993 R.G.C. Merit Award, Artists Equity, Washington, DC
1982 Martha von Hirsch Award, Corcoron School of Art
1982 Mary Lay Thom Award, Corcoran School of Art
Press & TV...
|"Richard Barrett and Pamela Soldwedel", Review of Parker Gallery exhibition by Louis Jacobson, Washington City Paper, May 27, 2005.
"Washington Sculptor displays 10 works in a one-person show," Times Community Newspapers, June 17, 1998.
"'Tempest' is one of the 10 sculptures by Pamela Soldwedel on display, " The Washington Times, June 25, 1998.
Diane Cole, "Transfigured Stones," The Montgomery County Sentinel, August 14, 1997.
"Prize-winning Washington, D.C. sculptor Pamela Soldwedel displays seven works in a one-person exhibition," The Montgomery County Sentinel, July 24, 1997.
"Mantra" is among seven sculptures by Pamela Soldwedel on exhibit," The Washington Times, August 21, 1997.
Laura Way, "Exploring the Shape of Human Emotions," The Montgomery County Journal, July 25, 1997.
Barbara Cohn, "Revered Stone," Washington Artists News, Vol. 25, No. 1, Spring, 1996.
"Atrium Art: Sculptures in the Square," The Washington Post, January 13, 1995.
Fredrica Wechsler, "Arts in the Academy," Footnotes, National Academy of Sciences/ National Research Council, December 1994.
Robert Von Brahler-Murray, "Touring the Art Galleries of Alexandria," Art & Antiques, DCI Publishing, March, 1994.
Lori Spalding, "Gilpin Gallery is 'Back Home' in Old Town," Old Town Crier, April, 1994.
Jessica Haag, "Newly Opened Gilpin Gallery Returns to Old Town," The Gazette Packet, March 17, 1994.
Adrian Higgins, The Secret Gardens of Georgetown: Behind the Walls of Washington's Most Historic Neighborhood, Boston, New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1993.
Gary Mullinax, "Sculpture Dominates the December Art Loop," The News Journal, December 4-6, 1992.
Linda Bellafato, "Arts in the Academy," Footnotes, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council, October 1992.
Richard Walker, "Briefly Noted," Corporate Art News, October 1992, Vol. 9, No. 6.
Susan Brown, "Showplace at Security Storage, " Washington Artists News, Artists Equity Association, Winter 1991.
Richard Walker, "Art Dictates Design for Virginia's Gosnell Properties," Corporate Art News, July 1991, Vol. 8, No. 3.
"Local Sculptor Opens Show," Foggy Bottom News, March 1991.
Susan Brown, Washington Artists News, Artists Equity Association, Winter 1990.
Todd Allan Yasui, "Sculpting the Earth's Essence," The Washington Post, November 11, 1990.
Leonard Hughes, "Chiseling Down to Wire," The Journal, October 12, 1990.
"Drawing on the Arts Scene," The Uptown Citizen, October 11,1990.
Mary Hickey, "Area Law Firms Host Exhibits of Fine Art," The Washington Lawyer, May/June 1990.
Carol Eichner, "Romancing the Stone," Washington Entertainment Magazine, February/March 1989.
Cheryl Romney-Brown, Circling Home, Potomac: Scripta Humanistica, 1989.
John Pantalone, "Art," Newport This Week, August 11, 1988.
Bill Van Siclen, "Soldwedel: Soft Forms From Hard Work," The Providence Journal-Bulletin, July 29, 1988.
"Soldwedel's Sculpture At Signet," The Uptown Citizen, July 14, 1988.
"Polished Work," The Newport Daily News, July 14, 1988.
"Real Estate/Business," The Northwest Current, June 2 - July 15, 1988.
"Washington Weekend," The Washington Times, March 10, 1988.
"Washington Weekend," The Washington Times, February 25, 1988.
The New Bulletin: The Washington Women's Arts Center, February 1988, Vol. 11, No. 2.
"Exhibits," The Washington Post, November 19, 1987.
Gary Tischler, "Gallery News," Galleries, November 6 - 19, 1987.
"Soldwedel Sculptures," The Uptown Citizen, November 12, 1987.
"In the Gatehouse Gallery: A Sculpture Galaxy," The Merriweather Post: Mount Vernon College, November 1987, Vol. 4, No. 2.
"Third Wave," The Uptown Citizen, May 31, 1984.
Carol Eichner, "Romancing the Stone," Washington Entertainment Magazine, February/March 1989.
Joanna Shaw-Eagle, "Diverse Sculptors Attract Eye at Art Barn," The Montgomery Journal, April 28, 1983.
|MHz NETWORKS Channel 12: "ArtsMedia News", 2005
WETA Channel 26: "Around Town," Bill Dunlap, July 30, 1997
WETA Channel 26: "Around Town," Bill Dunlap, March 17, 1994
WETA Channel 26: "Around Town," Bill Dunlap, April 22, 1993
WETA Channel 26: "Around Town," Bill Dunlap, November 22, 1990
FNN Channel 22: "The Insiders with Jack Anderson," Susan Clark, April 9, 1990
FNN Channel 22: "Washington Business: Investing in Art," 1988
What They're Saying About Soldwedel Sculptures ...
Pamela Soldwedel is a sculptor who works in bronze and stone. Two of her works are in the collection of the DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park. They are mid scale pieces of beautiful technical refinement and dramatic aesthetic presence. Soldwedel has a lyric sensibility which is modulated by a firm, classical understanding of form in space. Her forms revolve in and out upon themselves, discovering new twists in both inner and outer space. They could be forms from the ocean or forms from the winds. What is certain is their fundamental organicism. With titles such as "Tempest I" and "Tempest II" they make this organic dimension of clashing and contorted forces clear, yet without losing a secure sense of balance.
In the final analysis Soldwedel's works inhabit a spiritual domain where powerful vortices converge and progressively "emerge" from their own confrontation. They are beautifully realized abstract sculptures.
- Paul Master-Karnik
DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park
Art that you want to touch and feel. The curves, the gentleness, the flow, the movement. Imagine your hand moving slowly as you progress up the curve and then speed down and around the curve. Like a car on a roller coaster. Imagine feeling the coolness of the stone or metal, the solidity of it and the gaps...the positive and negative space. Imagine picking it up...if you can...and holding it heavy in your lap. These are creations that need to be touched...need to be felt...even if only in your mind. In essence, these wonderful creations, by Pamela Soldwedel, have rhythm...the kind of rhythm that comes from deep within one's soul. The rhythm of life and of nature. The rhythm of love and of hope.
- Blog posted by Christine Cote, Director, Still Point Gallery, Brunswick, Maine.1/23/11
"Pamela Soldwedel's Fireflower ... continues to be one of the most admired
pieces in the Museum and an essential part of our mezzanine installation."
- Susan Fisher Sterling, Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art, National
Museum of Women in the Arts
"The response to your show has been extremely favorable. The visitors as well
as the members have been thrilled with your sculptures. I am so pleased that
the Museum has had the opportunity to exhibit your work..."
- Allison Cywin, Curator/Registrar, Newport Art Museum
"Pamela Soldwedel's art brings to mind another twentieth-century artist; her
graceful and simple forms appear to have been made by the forces of nature in
the manner of Barbara Hepworth's elegant works."
- Kristen Miller Zohn, Curator of Art, Albany Museum of Art
"... seven exquisite sculptures, set like jewels on their pedestals encased
in their plexiglass vitrines."
Diana Cole, Montgomery County Sentinal
"I'm proud to have MANTRA among my cherished artworks - it grabs attention, no apologies,
dressed in its finery. What class!
(Name of collector withheld.)
"All fluid curves and swirling, concentric forms, Soldwedel has reached
into the cold, hard heart of stone and released a hidden sensuality ... How
does Soldwedel woo such wonders from the solid forces of stone and metal?"
-Washington Entertainment Magazine
"The Magnificent Seven ... seven exquisite [Soldwedel] sculptures set like
jewels on their pedestals..."
-The Montgomery County Journal
Describing THIRD WAVE:
"... this 10,000 pound rock was transformed by Ms. Soldwedel into a thrust
of energy in which one can glimpse suggested shapes of the human form."
-The Uptown Citizen
"... splendid small bronzes by Pamela Soldwedel."
"Pamela Soldwedel's marble ANGST ... good art."
- Hank Burchard, The Washington Post
"This woman knows how to romance a stone."
-Todd Allen Yasui, The Washington Post
"At the risk of sounding hokey, one might say that you will find
[Soldwedel's] pieces lovely, perhaps even charming. Yet they have a force
about them that must be present in good stone sculpture."
Newport This Week describing Pam's exhibition at the Newport Art Museum
"ART DICTATES DESIGN FOR GOSNELL PROPERTIES
... We were interested in generating a certain image for the project, an
upscale image that was modern and yet timeless."
Barry Gosnell, Treasurer,Gosnell Properties, Inc., describing the selection of ISHTAR III for the grand atrium of their new McLean, VA office building, International Gateway.
-Corporate Art News
"We have been honored to have WE' as a part of our family for the past three years. A magnificent piece!"
-Inscription on photo by Hon. Richard Mueller, Consul General of the United
States, Hong Kong.
"SEARCH was the centerpiece of our residence - simply beautiful!"
-Inscription on photo by Hon. Bruce Gelb, Ambassador of United States to
"I enclose my check for ... as payment for QUEST. It is just magnificent.
It greets me in the morning as I turn out the night lights, and it warms me
in the evening when I turn them on. [name deleted] and I are absolutely
thrilled with what you have created for us."
-Letter from the collector who commissioned QUEST
"... The curatorial staff tells me that the beautiful piece FIREFLOWER II you have made possible for us to display will be on
exhibition shortly. Thank you for finding NMWA worthy of your interest. I
am delighted that your sculpture will be represented at the museum."
- Letter from Wilhelmina Cole Holliday, President, National Museum of Women
in the Arts, Washington, D.C.
"IN THE GATEHOUSE GALLERY: A SCULPTURE GALAXY
Step into the gallery and you feel that the swirling, undulating and
concentric forms of the sculpture are echoed in the arrangement of the
pieces around the room...enchanting forms..."
-The Merriweather Post
"Your work is absolutely lovely! I was entranced by two pieces in
particular, which are alas already owned. I would love to come and see any
other works you have in progress.
-Letter from Jane Coutant Evans, President, Mount Vernon College, site of
the Gatehouse Gallery.
" ... We love our Fireflower, and we are looking forward to the time when it can be viewed by everyone. It is really a treasure.
-Letter from the CEO of Westminster Investing Corporation which
commissioned the sculpture.
"[name deleted} and I were thrilled to receive notice that ISHTAR has been purchased and presented to the National Academy of Sciences. We don't know of any artist who is so dedicated to her work as you, nor one who brings such sensitivity to everything she creates.
It is a privilege to have two Soldwedels in our garden and one in our living room!
-Letter from a collector of Soldwedel Sculptures
"Just read my House and Garden for Sept ... found your web site, and decided
check it out...the sculptures are the most beautiful things that I've ever
seen. It must be wonderful to be so very blessed with talent like yours. It
hard for me to come to terms that anyone can create such beauty. Just wanted
you to know that the every day person likes to breathe such beauty also."
Interview by Rima Schulkind of The Washington Sculptors Group
It seemed unlikely that the tall, elegant woman who greeted me at the door of her studio actually gets down and dirty as one must in the making of stone sculptures. But carving and polishing stone is what Pamela Soldwedel does.
Born in New York into a family of artists, she was both surrounded by their art and exposed to art in galleries and museums. At Bennington College she divided her time between sculpture and drama. And, while the former has become her life work, the latter remains an integral part of her persona. Along the way to a full commitment to sculpture, she was: a necktie designer; fashion show producer; radio disc jockey; radio and television commentator and producer; magazine publisher; and promotion consultant for a major fragrance house. She even toyed with the idea of becoming a belly dancer!
When she finally settled down in Washington, Pamela abandoned thoughts of belly dancing for sculpture, and began studying at the Corcoran College of Art with Berthold Schmutzhart. There she won the Martha von Hirsh Award and the Mary Lay Thom Sculpture Award for the most outstanding work. Now close colleagues, Pamela credits Schmutzhart with not only teaching her sculpture but also how to be a mentor, a role she takes very seriously with her own numerous students and apprentices.
The most formative influence in her career was the ten years she spent at the Cathedral Stone Company. The only woman in a crew of ten stone carvers, she was constantly being tested and challenged to prove her worth. But she persevered, winning the respect of her peers and the company owner, with whom she still has a strong relationship. She emerged from Cathedral Stone not only knowing how to carve stone but how to create a crew as well, a necessity for the huge sculptures she began producing.
For the past 15 years, Pamela has inhabited a sculptor’s dream studio. A 20-foot ceiling caps 4 huge rooms: 2 fully equipped carving and polishing rooms, a show room, and an office. The show room contains many finished sculptures - large and small, stone, bronze and mixed media; and three 12 foot wide landscaped rings to enclose the different types of fountains she is currently planning. The walls of her office are covered with more than a hundred images of finished pieces, as well as surfaces covered with maquettes of past and future work.
A very hands-on sculptor, Pamela has always done her own carving and modeling. When she moved to her current studio she took on an assistant to do the polishing. Her first cast bronze piece, Fireflower, standing nearly seven feet tall, was purchased by B.F. Saul’s Westminster Investing Co., after being exhibited at the National Women's Museum. The developer of the International Gateway building at Tysons Corner commissioned her to create the centerpiece of their lobby, the eight foot high marble sculpture, Ishtar. Stones, Shells, Waves, a relatively small mixed media memorial tribute to a client’s mother, is the work dearest to her. Pamela’s pieces frequently appear in local shows, often winning awards.
For regular New Yorker readers, Pamela’s small monthly ads have become quite familiar over the years. While constantly changing, their look is consistent: her signature design of curving fluidity in stone. These ads have brought her many commissions, as do recommendations by happy clients. She has never used an agent, which indeed would seem superfluous considering her many worldwide corporate, private and public commissions.
While her work is always abstract, its connection to nature and humanity forms its core. In her convoluted, undulating curves it is hard not to get downright anthropomorphic and think “enfolding,”,“nurturing,” embracing.” In her own words, “Endings and beginnings, cycles of grief and joy, human instincts and emotions too basic or complex to articulate in a figurative manner appear to me as abstract shapes. Smooth, swirling, undulating forms, most with harsh-faced or carefully textured accents can suggest more meaning and contain more enigma than the specifically representational.”